Plagiarism is the intentional or unintentional act of submitting work with another writer's idea of words without giving them credit.
How to Avoid Plagiarism
Paraphrase: explain the writer's ideas using your own words. A paraphrase will contain all of the same information of the original passage but it needs to be completely reworded.
Summarize: write a shortened version of an author's main ideas. You can summarize a part of a piece of writing, a whole piece, or several pieces by one author. You will not necessarily need page numbers, but make note of any specific page numbers and article titles you are summarizing.
Research assignments will ask that you include several sources in your paper. As you try to accomplish that task, it is easy for the sources to take over the paper. You might think, "What could I possibly add to this topic? I am not an expert like these other researchers/scholars."
However, any assignment should have your ideas as the focal point. Your readers want to know your stance on a topic, not just a report of other people's ideas. You are guiding the reader along and showing them how you interpret sources and connect them to your central claim.
Proper citation format shows your reader how to find your sources. The documentation style--i.e., the set of rules dictating how sources are cited and referenced--depends upon the purpose and context of the writing task. In academia, the most commonly used as the syles known as "APA" (American Psychological Association), "MLA" (Modern Language Association), and "Chicago Style". Below you will find basic practices for citing and referencing sources in these three styles.
APA stands for the American Psychological Association. This formatting style is used most commonly in behavioral and social sciences, as well as business and nursing.
It is important to remember the following when writing a paper in APA format
Click here to access the APA Format Citation Guide, created by the Spalding University Writing Center.
MLA stands for Modern Language Association. This is the documentation style used most commonly in the liberal arts and humanities.
It is important to remember the following when asked to write in MLA format:
Click here to access the MLA Format Citation Guide, created by the Spalding University Writing Center.
The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) is used by some disciplines within the humanities, such as history, art, literature, anthropology, religious studies, and philosophy. It is sometimes referred to as the "Editor's Bible" because there are many style conventions for grammer and usage that are followed religiously by publishers and writers. Chicago Style uses two different styles: "author-date" (similar to APA) and Notes-Bibliography (NB). Here are some of the terms to know:
Footnotes: Numbered notes at the bottom of a page--usually only a few sentences--that further explain sources cited on that page.
Endnote: Numbered notes at the end of an article, chapter, or book that provide lengthy details and descriptions of a source.
Bibliography: an alphabetical list of full citations for works referenced within a text. A bibliography might not be necessary if all of the source information needed is provided in the footnotes or endnotes.
Some general guidelines you should remember when writing in CMOS:
Click here to access the Chicago Style Citation Guide, created by the Purdue Online Writing Lab.
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