The Spalding University Writing Center is located on the 2nd floor of the University Library in the PNC Center for Student Success.
Hours: 8 am-6 pm Monday-Friday
Consultations are usually 45 minutes. Please bring your assignment sheet and any other supporting materials.
Our goal is to help you in the writing process; we usually focus on two or three areas of revision opportunity in your work.
You can schedule an appointment by calling us at (502) 873-4494 or by emailing us at [email protected].
You can also submit your work for online feedback via the link below:
Chicago and Turabian Style are editorial styles, or rules that a publisher uses to ensure consistent presentation of written material. Citing your sources in Chicago and Turabian style gives credit to the works of others and helps your readers go back and find the information you present. Chicago Style follows the 16th Edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. Turabian Style follows Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations.
For more information on citation styles, see the Citing Sources tab on the Writing Center's homepage. You can also check out the Purdue OWL Chicago Style Guide for additional information.
Does the number for a foot- or endnote go outside the punctuation mark?
Yes, place notations for foot- and endnotes at the end of your sentence, outside of the ending punctuation mark.
How does one cite books without authors in the bibliography?
Do I need to use a new footnote every time I refer to the same source using Turabian style?
Yes. A footnote must be included on the same page with its note number. However, after giving the first full citation, subsequent citations may be shortened.
How do you footnote an interview?
(Indent) Interviews with first name last name, name of company or affiliation, city, state, day month year.
Do footnotes go on a separate page?
No, footnotes should be on the same page as the text to which they are attached and should be located at the bottom.
Does one use "Ibid" for second footnotes?
Yes, if the second reference immediately follows the first (not interrupted by another reference) and the second reference refers to the same book by the same author.
In academic research, citing sources distinguishes between your original work and the ideas of others. It also makes you a more credible author by supporting your claims with valid evidence and well-researched information. Original ideas are considered intellectual property and require giving credit by law.
Citation styles and writing conventions are standard methods for documenting your sources. Citations help you and your readers find the same information you are citing to refer back to the source of information.
Use standard citations when you refer to the work of others in the body of your paper with in-text citations when using direct quotes and paraphrasing information. Then, compile full citations for works consulted or referenced in a reference list at the end of your paper.
Citations also help you avoid plagiarism, which is the misuse of words, media, and ideas that are not your own. Examples of plagiarism include:
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