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MSAT-620: Health Science Research Designs and Statistical Methods

In this course the student will develop the skills needed to develop an athletic training practice-based research proposal including literature review, protocol design, data collection, statistical analysis, and presentation.

Maximize Your Search

An EBP Literature Review requires a systematic search of all existing sources of knowledge on your topic.

You will be expected to search in multiple library databases and resources. Save time by selecting library database collections from the full list of EBSCO or GALE databases to search simultaneously. Consider the subjects or academic disciplines related to your topic and choose library collections accordingly.

Choose Databases in EBSCO from the default "Advanced Search" page:

Example of "Choose Database" in EBSCO products to select multiple databases and search simultaneously.

Most databases contain basic information and abstracts for all journal listings, even if our library does not have access to the full-text. For this program, we do not advise that you limit your search to only what the Spalding University Library has in full-text. Instead, take advantage of our Interlibrary Loan and Metroversity programs to access required materials. 

Search Strategies

In library databases such as CINAHL and Medline, the advanced search options and limiters allow you to narrow your search with various criteria. This can help you identify different levels of evidence according to the source type. 

Efficient Search Strings

Keyword searching is the first step to finding relevant articles on your topic. However, in order to conduct a more comprehensive and efficient search, there are several methods you can use to broaden and narrow your search.

  •  Use AND to specify multiple terms in your search. This will narrow your search by requiring each term to appear somewhere in the full-text of an article. 
  • Use OR to include multiple terms in your search. This will broaden your search by suggesting terms that may appear in the full-text, but articles can include one or the other. 
  • Use NOT to exclude certain terms from appearing somwhere in the full-text of the article to narrow your search. 
  • Use "quotations" to search multiple words as a specific phrase. This will narrow your search by requiring the phrase to appear somewhere in the full-text of the article. 
  • Use an asterisk* to broaden your search by including all terms that begin with a particular prefix.

Ven diagrams of Boolean operators AND, OR, and NOT to broaden or narrow your search. AND highlights the space between two circles. OR includes all spaces of two circles. NOT includes only one side of a circle that does not overlap with the other.

 

Limit to Peer-Reviewed, Academic Journals

For this class your evidence should be from scholarly, peer-reviewed journals. In most databases, you can limit your results by "Scholarly (Peer-Reviewed) Journals" or "Academic Journals."

CINHAL Source Types, Academic Journals highlighted.

Advanced Search Options

Every database and collection is different, but the advanced search options are usually tailored to the discipline. For EBP Nursing, there may be options to search specifically for Evidence Based Practice, Randomized Controlled Trials, and other standard publication types.

Ex: CINAHL

In the advanced search feature in CINAHL, You can limit to research articles, meta-synthesis, Randomized Control Trials, geographic regions, age groups, and many relevant publication types for this assignment. 

Special limiters in CINHAL Complete

Each database and collection will have different pre-set advanced option features. Pay special attention to these sections to find relevant and useful tools in targeting your search. 

Use Subject Headings

If you are looking for a standard method or tool, you can usually target your search by using the phrase as a subject heading. In the advanced search:

Example of searching in an EBSCO database for research method articles by using "Quality Assurance" and using the drop down menu to select "SU Subject Terms"